IIIF is an API specification designed to improve interoperability between digital image repositories.

For more information on IIIF please refer to http://iiif.io/

Please note that IIIF support requires additional web server configuration

ResourceSpace provides basic support for the IIIF presentation API and was originally created to link with the TMS plugin to enable publishing of resources related to a specified TMS object as a IIIF manifest, however TMS is not a requirement to enable the IIIF interface.

The ResourceSpace IIIF interface follows the guidance of the IIIF Presentation API 2.1 (as detailed at http://iiif.io/api/presentation/2.1/) for publishing the manifest

Presentation of resource images is designed to meet the minimum requirement (level 0) of the IIIF Image API 2.1 (http://iiif.io/api/image/2.1/)

  • Manifests are created based on search results returned for the specified identifier in the designated metadata field ($iiif_identifier_field)
  • The metadata for each manifest will be obtained from the first resource returned. If using TMS then the metadata stored in ResourceSpace is based on the object metadata retrieved from TMS and therefore will be the same for all resources with the same TMS object ID
  • Each canvas in the sequence described by a IIIF manifest will correspond to a ResourceSpace resource
  • The sequence of views published by the manifest will be based upon data stored in another ResourceSpace metadata field, thus allowing for reordering
  • At present there are no smaller preview sizes made available, only the full size JPG image
  • There is no zoom capability at present


  • To control which resources are published via IIIF and the access levels etc. the IIIF interface is configured to use the permissions of a standard ResourceSpace user account.
  • By using the permissions and access of a user account, resources can be made available or hidden from the IIIF interface by the use of standard metadata fields and search filters


IMPORTANT: A URL rewrite rule must be configured on the web server to rewrite any paths under [resourcespace_url]/iiif to the IIIF handler file api/iiif/handler/php. Please see the bottom of this article for some information on standard web server rewrite configuration (Apache/IIS). Please refer to your web server configuration instructions for full instructions as to how to implement this

Example URLs that must be handled by this file:-

  • https://[resourcespace_url]/iiif/363792/manifest
  • https://[resourcespace_url]/iiif/image/363792/full/max/0/default.jpg
  • https://[resourcespace_url]/iiif/363792/canvas/0

The following configuration settings are used. These should be set in the ResourceSpace configuration file (include/config.php)

Setting Options Notes
$iiif_enabled Boolean (TRUE/FALSE) Sert to TRUE to enable the IIIF interface.
$iiif_userid Integer User ID to use for IIIF. This user should be granted access only to those resources that are to be published via IIIF using permissions and search filter
$iiif_identifier_field Integer Field that is used to hold the IIIF identifier e.g. if using TMS this may be the same as the TMS object field. This field must be indexed!
$iiif_description_field Integer Field that is used to hold the IIIF description
$iiif_sequence_field Integer Field that defines the position of a particular resource in the default sequence (only one sequence currently supported)
$iiif_sequence_prefix Text Optional prefix e.g. 'page_' that will be added to sequence identifier - useful if just numeric identifers are used e.g. for different views or pages

Web server rewrite rules


The following steps can be used to set up a rewrite rule in Apache. Please refer to the configuration instructions for your own server to ensure these are correct for your version

  1. Enable apache rewrite functionality
    a2enmod rewrite
  2. Add the following to your virtual host configuration
    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^ [NC]
    ReWriteBase "/"
    RewriteRule    "^iiif(.*)$"  "/api/iiif/handler.php" [PT] 
    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^mycompany.resourcespace.com [NC]
    ReWriteBase "/"
    RewriteRule    "^iiif(.*)$"  "/api/iiif/handler.php" [PT] 


The following steps can be used to set up a rewrite rule in IIS (Windows server). Please refer to the configuration instructions for your own server to ensure these are correct for your version

  1. Open IIS Manager
  2. Select the ResourceSpace website
  3. Click on the 'URL Rewrite' icon in the right hand panel
  4. Click on 'View rewrite maps' in the top right actions menu
  5. Click on 'Add Rewrite Map' in the actions menu
  6. Add a name for the map e.g. 'IIIF'
  7. Click on 'Add Mapping Entry'
  8. Set '/iiif' as the original value and '/api/iiif/handler.php' as the new value and click OK
  9. Return to the Rewrite rules page and click on 'Add Rule(s)' in the top right actions menu
  10. Select 'Inbound rules' ->'Rule with rewrite map'
  11. Select 'Rewrite' as the rule action and the map you just created from the dropdown list. Click OK
  12. Once finished and saved, the rule summary should look as in the images below